What role do standards play in relation to the teaching - learning - assessment process in a Standards Based Curriculum?
Standards require a change in both teaching and assessment. Standards and assessment are linked and need to be integral parts of the curriculum and the program of instruction.
"The idea behind standards-based curriculum is to set clear standards for what we want students to learn and to use those academic standards to drive other changes in the system and for life -long learning and living."
PNG chose a Standards Based Curriculum because we want to improve the standards of teaching and learning. The teachers will have a clear purpose and focus on what will be taught and assessed. Students will be informed of what they have to know and be able to do. Both the teacher and the students understand the purpose and focus of the curriculum.
A standard is a level of quality or achievement. It is used to measure or estimate
the quality or degree of something, for example, how good a piece of work is.
The introduction of a Standards Based Education in PNG is an
important Government directive and was recommended by the OBE Task Force or the
Czuba Report (2013).
The rationale of having a Standards Based Education in PNG is to
raise PNG’s performance in all aspects of education; curriculum development,
teacher training, student and teacher performance and
Standards in Education provide a description of what a child
will know, understand and be able to do at each grade.