There are several ways mal-practices or cheating in examination occur. Here are few of them.
PNG Education Forms
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PNG Education Plans
Below are the education plan for Papua New Guinea. The list also contains education plans for each province.
National Education Plans
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Occupational Skills Development - Short Courses
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Teachers In-service Resources in PNG
Unit 1: Education Reform In Papua New Guinea
Below are Papua New Guinea National Curriculum Statement 2013 and other relevant information. If you have questions, please do contact us or use the Search box to search this website for other resources.
Curriculum and Assessment Resources
Below are some of the educational HIV and AIDS resources available in PNG. The resources can be used for research and other study related areas of reference. Feel free to browse the information and contact us if you require further information.
Consequences of an early marriage
It was years ago since Michael and I developed what seemed to me a perfect relationship. We were
young, in fact very young, but we were in love. We never attended the same school but we knew that
we could count on each others' trust.
Years went by and the bond we developed gained strength at the conclusion of each year. It started as
a secret relationship. I guess everybody else was doing the same. We didn't want anyone to know,
especially my parents. The reason was obvious - I wasn't sure whether my parents would accept
Michael. I am sure that Michael’s parents knew of our friendship, but that didn’t bother me.
Four years of solid relationship to me was too long but we took the relationship on a cool note. We
never at any stage found it necessary to talk about marriage. Michael and I avoided developirrg
relationships with anyone else despite temptations.
It was in the fourth year of our relationship that I realised something terrible was going to happen
Somehow Michael heard false news that I was going around with another boy. I hoped that Michael
wouldn’t believe the story. However, I received a letter from him that got me worried. The tone of
the letter did not read like it came from him. I felt guilty and ashamed. Before I could even reply, I
received another letter from him. I was anxious to find out what the message was. The letter was not
as lengthy as the previous one. It shocked me to realize that he returned all my photographs! The
message was simple. I never heard from him again. A couple of years later I got married to my next
boyfriend. My close friends told me that I made a mistake to get married so quickly.
To this date my marriage has been terrible. My husband is never around. I have been left to take care
of the children as a single mother. He sends us money from time to time but I don't need his money
as much as I want him around to share the day to day family responsibilities. I suspect him of having
an affair with another woman but I can't prove him guilty. He always acts innocently when he comes
around once in a while. As much as I don't want to share my bed, he is my husband and I have no
Memories of the past have surfaced over the last couple of years. Seeing Michael drive around brings
back old memories. I will be living on past memories and dreams for years to come. Thoughts of
adultery are an unforgivable temptation when I recall the resurfacing of the deep love I had for
Michael. When times are bad I drop tears. I wish I didn't rush in my decision to get married, but I
know that Michael will come to my assistance one day.
Reflecting on the problems that I have experienced in life, I would strongly recommend that young
people are advised to develop a responsible attitude. Only then will they be able to avoid the
consequences of an early marriage. I haven’t enjoyed my life, neither will they should they decide to
take the same course of action as I did.
What is Domestic Violence?
Domestic violence is any form of violence in the home in order to have power and control over other
persons that cause them physical or emotional pain.
The best way to understand the impact of family violence is to observe what is happening around us.
For instance, wives are unfairly treated and children are deprived of their basic rights of love and
respect. Family violence involves the use of force by one person against another. Many people use
violence as a way of solving problems or protecting themselves. Wife beating, for instance, is a crime
in our country and it is a problem that will not stop if we ignore it.
Violence does not only occur within the family. Women and children are also at risk to sexual
violence outside of the family. Family violence does not just happen by accident or mistake. This
means it is a selfish way of controlling another person with threats or injury. There are ways it can be
According to the principles of Human Rights and our national PNG laws, wife beating is illegal. The
act is also morally wrong and against Christian teaching. Ideally speaking, a long-term marriage bond
should be one that develops out of love and respect for one another. Roles within the marriage
relationship should compliment each other. However, we know that this does not always happen.
Wife beating is common in our society and has become normal behaviour for many husbands. Wife
beating may occur because the wife does not do what her husband asks her to do; the husband is
drunk or high on drugs; or the husband is feeling guilty. Many husbands do not admit making
mistakes simply because of the cultural leadership and authority role they are expected to have over
The Papua New Guinea National Constitution doesn't allow men more freedom than women. The
Constitution calls for freedom from all forms of domination and oppression. A husband never has the
right to keep his wife under constant fear by threatening her. The payment of bride price is a cultural
obligation to strengthen bonds between the husband and wife’s clans and families. It is not a right to
take ownership over another person's life. Most PNG cultures are changing their traditional views of
bride price to be in line with the PNG National Constitution and the laws.
When there is domestic violence, it is usually the children who suffer the most and many will
permanent mental damage. Some will inflict domestic violence on their future partners. It can be a
vicious cycle. Rather than learning about the qualities of a good family, children learn about
violence, mistrust, disrespect, and hiding secrets.
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