THE Outcomes-Based Education (OBE) was regarded as unsuccessful when students’ examination results revealed a drop in performance.
As a result an OBE Task Force team was appointed and headed by the president of Divine Word University, Fr Jan Czuba.
The Czuba Report recommended an introduction to a Standards- Based Curriculum (SBC) in 2013.
This new surriculum is the government’s directive and it is aimed at increasing the literacy and numeracy rate in the country.
What is SBC?
A standard is a level of quality or achievement. It is used to measure the quality or degree of something, for example, how good a piece of work is.
SBC is a body of knowledge and set of competencies that form the basis of a quality education.
It defines what the students should know, understand and be able to do and includes the accompanying teaching content.
It includes goals, objectives, and standards.
It includes teaching methods and encourages teachers to reflect and revise their lesson plans to ensure students’ continued academic growth.
How standards will be assessed?
When working with standards, the assessment system needs to be consistent with what is being tested.
Comparing a pupil’s performance with other pupils is known as norm-reference assessment and pupils can be assessed against a standard (criterion-referenced assessment).
This shift to standards-based assessment helps create “a culture of success”, where all pupils can achieve an acceptable level.
The curriculum sets benchmark levels of students’ achievement and progress towards meeting the standards by describing what the students can do with particular areas of learning such as language.
To make sure the students have achieved the different benchmarks, they are expected to demonstrate what they can do, by applying what they know to real-life situations.
In a standards-based curriculum, assessment is viewed not only as a final product but also as a continual process that provides students’ performance data to teachers and students regarding their progress towards achieving the set standards.
Standards require a change in both teaching and assessment.
Standards and assessment are linked and need to be integral parts of the curriculum and the program of instruction.
Standards show what students should know at different levels of their school life.
Examinations measure student progress towards attaining the standards.
PNG chose a Standards-Based Curriculum so as to improve the standard of teaching and learning.
The teachers will have a clear purpose and focus on what will be taught and assessed.
Students will be informed of what they have to know and be able to do. Both the teacher and the students understand the purpose and focus of the curriculum.
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